TINY SUBCOMPACT CAR

Subcompact car
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Jump to: navigation, search

2009 Chevrolet Aveo
A subcompact car is the American term for an automobile with a class size smaller than a compact car, usually not exceeding 165 inches (4,191 mm) in length, but larger than a microcar. According to the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), a passenger car is classified as subcompact if it has between 85 cubic feet (2,407 L) and 99 cu ft (2,803 L) of interior volume.[1]
The subcompact segment equates roughly to A-segment and B-segment in Europe, or city car and supermini in British terminology. In 2012, the New York Times described the differences, saying “today’s small cars actually span three main segments in the global vehicle market. The tiny A-segment cars include the Chevrolet Spark and Smart Fortwo. They’re extremely short and very light. Slightly larger are B-segment cars like the Ford Fiesta and Chevrolet Sonic. The A- and B-cars are known as subcompacts.”[2]

Contents  [hide] 
1
History
2
See also
3
References
4
External links

History[edit]
In North America, the term “subcompact” came into popular use in the early 1970s with the introduction of new domestic-built models produced by North American automakers in response to the growing popularity of small imported cars from Europe and Japan.[citation needed] Previously, cars in this size were variously categorized, including “small automobile” and “economy car.”[3] This type of car has been around since the 1940s with the Crosley, and in the 1950s with the captive import, the Nash Metropolitan.[4] A number of imported models, notably the Volkswagen Beetle and various small British cars, were also marketed as “economy” cars during this time.

1971 AMC Gremlin X

1972 Ford Pinto Runabout

1973 Chevrolet Vega GT Hatchback
The AMC Gremlin was described at its April 1970 introduction as “the first American-built import” and the first U.S. built subcompact car.[5][6] The Chevrolet Vega and Ford Pinto subcompacts were introduced in September 1970 for the 1971 model year.
The Pontiac Astre, the Canadian-born re-badged Vega variant was released in the U.S. September 1974. The Vega-based Chevrolet Monza and the Pinto-based Ford Mustang II were upscale subcompacts also introduced for the 1975 model year as larger pony cars the Chevrolet Camaro and Ford Mustang sales had fallen. The Camaro was scheduled for cancellation, but sales stabilized with the end of the 1970s energy crisis. The Monza with its GM variants Pontiac Sunbird, Buick Skyhawk, Plymouth Turismo, Oldsmobile Starfire, and the Mustang II continued until the end of the decade. While 1979 Mustang moved again to a larger platform the other first generation subcompacts were replaced by similarly sized, but now compact (and not anymore subcompact) called vehicles – in fact a reclassification that happened at the same time as former compact cars were now called mid cars and former intermediate cars were now called large cars. At this time another segment started opening up below Gremlin, Pinto and Vega that became the new subcompact segment.
The Chevrolet Chevette was GM’s new entry-level subcompact introduced as a 1976 model. It was an ‘Americanized’ design from Opel, GM’s German subsidiary. And then there were subcompacts that were imported but sold through a domestic manufacturers dealer network Captive imports, the Renault Le Car and the Ford Fiesta
In 1978, Volkswagen began producing the “Rabbit” version of the Golf in New Stanton, Pennsylvania, a modern FWD subcompact design, and in 1982, American Motors began manufacturing the U.S. Renault Alliance, a version of the Renault 9, in Kenosha, Wisconsin, both models benefiting from European designs, development, and experience.[7] Chevrolet marketed two captive front-wheel drive subcompact economy cars in the second half of the 1980s to replace the aging Chevette, the Chevrolet Sprint, a three-cylinder Suzuki-built hatchback and the Chevrolet Spectrum built by Isuzu. During the 1990s GM offered the Geo brand featuring the Suzuki-built Metro subcompact.
Because of consumer demand for fuel-efficient cars during the late-2000s, sales of subcompact cars made it the fastest growing market category in the U.S.[8] As of 2016, numerous models of subcompacts are sold in North America, including the Korean models such as Chevrolet Sonic, Hyundai Accent, Kia Rio as well as Japanese models such as Honda Fit, Mazda 2, Nissan Micra (in Canada), Scion xD, Suzuki Swift (in Mexico), Toyota Yaris and hybrid Prius c. The Ford Fiesta is still only European subcompact car ever offered in North America[citation needed]. And there are even subcompact SUVs like the Jeep Renegade and the Mazda CX-3

See also[edit]
Car classification
Mini SUV
Economy car

References[edit]
Jump up
^ “FAQ – How are vehicle size classes defined?”. http://www.fueleconomy.gov/. Retrieved 2012-01-05. External link in |publisher= (help)
Jump up
^ Patton, Phil (9 September 2012). “Taking the ‘Cheap’ Out of the Small Car”. The New York Times. Retrieved 10 September 2012.
Jump up
^ Foster, Patrick (2005-10-01). “Developing the Metropolitan”. Hemmings Classic Car. Retrieved 2012-01-05. During WWII and immediately afterwards, Mason began to explore the idea of developing a truly small car, the size of what today we’d call a subcompact.
Jump up
^ Orlans, Bart (2009-10-16). “AMC Gremlin, king of the American subcompacts”. examiner.com.
Jump up
^ Wilson, Bob. “1971 AMC Gremlin advertisement”. arcticboy. Retrieved 2012-01-05.
Jump up
^ Auto Editors of Consumer Guide (2007-10-17). “1970-1978 AMC Gremlin”. HowStuffWorks.com. Retrieved 2012-01-05.
Jump up
^ Norbye, Jan P. (January 1982). “Renault 9 – American Motors subcompact for 83”. Popular Science. 220 (1): 22. Retrieved 2012-01-05.
Jump up
^ Mitchell, Jacqueline (2008-08-29). “Most Fuel-Efficient American Cars”. Forbes. Retrieved 2012-01-05.
External links[edit]
Official US government car size class definitions
Categories: North American car classificationsVehicles introduced in 1938

Navigation menu
Not logged in
Talk
Contributions
Create account
Log in
Article
Talk
Read
Edit
View history
Search

Main page
Contents
Featured content
Current events
Random article
Donate to Wikipedia
Wikipedia store
Interaction
Help
About Wikipedia
Community portal
Recent changes
Contact page
Tools
What links here
Related changes
Upload file
Special pages
Permanent link
Page information
Wikidata item
Cite this page
Print/export
Create a book
Download as PDF
Printable version

Languages
العربية
Čeština
Deutsch
Español
فارسی
한국어
Italiano
Lietuvių
Bahasa Melayu
日本語
Simple English
ไทย
中文
Edit links
This page was last edited on 16 July 2017, at 02:22.
Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization.
Privacy policy
About Wikipedia
Disclaimers
Contact Wikipedia
Developers
Cookie statement
Mobile view

About joelsnell99

Who's Who in all U.S and U.K. Honoraries (Marquis) 450 publications in 80 venues DANA SPIRIT AWARD/2009 Oxford Roundtable St.Catherine's College Editor of FOCUS, a student Social Science Journal Author Snell Life Cycle Lonliness Curve Professor Emeritus - Kirkwood College Omicron Delta Kappa $1,000,000 in grants Online Editor for Psychology and Education.com Research Fellow - Arlington Institute Fellow International Biographical Association Outstanding Teacher at Kirkwood College Membership in numerous editorial boards or a reviewer of manuscripts Associate Editor - Psychology and Education Fellow American Biographical Association Co-Author of Snell-Green Professor Index Author of Snell Educator Effectiveness Index Contributer to FutureEdition.com Co-Author of Snell-Allen Medical Rank Index Deputy Director, International Biographical Association Fellow in Kennedy Foundation Co-Author of Snell-Allen Subjective Assessment Sex Role Index Honors >>> Positions and Courses Taught >>> jsnell@kirkwood.edu jsnell@socialvibes.net snelljennifer47@hotmail.com http://www.socialvibes.net Kirkwood http://www.dana.edu Research Council, Advisory Board, International Biographical Centre
This entry was posted in New Essays. Bookmark the permalink.

Comments are closed.